報告主題：【六道口國際經濟講堂】The impact of globalization on youth education
報 告 人：林發勤 副教授
時 間：2019年5月27日（周一）下午16: 00
主 持 人：李春頂 教授
報告摘要：This paper presents empirical evidence that export growth in China after its WTO accession in 2001 has altered education attainment for Chinese youths. On one hand, China's export expansion after the WTO entry has increased the opportunity cost of schooling and thus has induced many youths to drop out of school at younger ages; but on the other hand, the subsequent trade upgrading has also led to increased demand for additional education at the college level. This paper exploits variation in trade exposure in the timing of youth education decision and trade exposure variation among regions to identify the existence and the relative importance of these two effects of China's WTO accession. We document statistically significant and robust evidence that while export expansion has caused reduction in youth schooling on average, it has led to an increase of education for individuals with at least a high school education. Moreover, we find that the reduction in education is mainly caused by processing exports and predominantly experienced by youths in rural areas and from families with siblings, while the improvement in education can be largely attributed to exports to high income nations and is largely observed for youths from urban areas. Consistent with individuals making rational choices when faced with additional employment opportunities arising from globalization, these findings have important consequences for income distribution in China.
報告人簡介：林發勤，中央財經大學副教授，國際經濟與貿易學院院長助理，教工黨支部書記，近年來主要從事的領域為國際貿易、FDI和發展經濟學的應用研究。目前已出版專著一部《貿易中的引力模型:理論基礎和實證應用》，參編由著名經濟學家Bruce A. Blonigen和Wesley W. Wilson主編的Handbook of International Trade and Transportation一本，在國際一流學術期刊Journal of Development Economics, European Economic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics等發表SSCI收錄論文29篇。在國內CSSCI權威期刊《經濟研究》和《世界經濟》等期刊上也發表了10多篇學術論文。同時，作為負責人主持國家自然科學基金面上項目，國家自然科學基金青年項目，北京自然科學基金青年項目，主持學校第三批青年科研創新團隊支持計劃項目,入選中央財經大學首屆“龍馬青年學者”。目前，擔任英文期刊Asian Development Policy Review 執行主編和國內CSSCI期刊《經濟研究》、《經濟學》（季刊）、《世界經濟》以及多家國際SSCI期刊如Review of International Economics，World Development，Economics Letters，China Economic Review， Economic Modelling，The World Economy等的匿名審稿人。